On 31 May 2017, Russia lifted most of the sanctions it had imposed on Turkey, including the lifting of restrictions on Turkish companies operating in Russia and the lifting of the ban on employing Turkish workers in the country. It also ended an embargo on a series of Turkish imports. President Putin also reinstated a bilateral agreement on free movement between the two countries.  The agreement appears to achieve Russia`s main objective, which is to allow the Syrian government to control the strategic highways essential to consolidating its grip on the country after a devastating nine-year war. The March 5 deal will likely follow the fate of all previous Idlib deals and will soon disintegrate. “The EU, in cooperation with Turkey and not against Turkey, should take the necessary steps to end the humanitarian crisis in Syria. Today`s agreement has shown that leading diplomacy is bearing fruit. Russia has decided to accept not to sacrifice our multidimensional relations for the ambitions and whims of the regime. The meeting resulted in an agreement on a ceasefire in Idlib. At the beginning of the more than six-hour talks with the Kremlin, the two heads of state and government stressed the need for an agreement. One of the objectives was to avoid harming their bilateral relations and the flowering of trade. The three-point agreement, read by the foreign ministers of both countries, also called for the creation of a seven-mile (12 km) “security corridor” along the country`s crucial M4 highway, which Russian and Turkish forces would patrol at the end of next week. The deadline for Bashar Assad`s withdrawal from Idlib has expired.
Turkey remains committed to the Sochi agreement. Soner Cagaptay, a Turkey expert at the Washington Institute, said the deal “freezes the conflict on the ground.” Russian President Vladimir Putin, who stands with his Turkish counterpart Tayyip Erdogan, said he hoped their deal would lead to a halt to military action in Syria`s last major rebel stronghold in the country`s northwest. The Treaty of Moscow or Treaty of Fraternity (Turkish: Moskova Antlaşması, Russian: Московский договор) was an agreement between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and Russia under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, signed on March 16, 1921.    Neither the Republic of Turkey nor the Soviet Union had been created at the time. The Turkish government, then internationally recognized, was Sultan Mehmed VI, but it was not a party to the Moscow Treaty. The sultan`s government had signed the Treaty of Sèvres, which had been rejected by the Turkish national movement. The agreement between Turkey and Russia on a ceasefire in Syria`s Idlib province does not require Ankara to change its refugee policy, Turkish presidential sources said Thursday. . . .